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GMAT逻辑题练习及答案(462)

2017-12-06 09:55

来源:新东方在线

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  The stable functioning of a society dependsupon the relatively long-term stability of the goals of its citizens. This isclear from the fact that unless the majority of individuals have a predictableand enduring set of aspirations, it will be impossible for a legislature tocraft laws that will augment the satisfaction of the citizenry, and it shouldbe obvious that a society is stable only if its laws tend to increase thehappiness of its citizens.

  The claim that a society is stable only ifits laws tend to increase the happiness of its citizens plays which one of thefollowing roles in the argument?

  A. Itis the conclusion of the argument.

  B. Ithelps to support the conclusion of the argument.

  C. Itis a claim that must be refuted if the conclusion is to be established.

  D. Itis a consequence of the argument.

  E. Itis used to illustrate the general principle that the argument presupposes.

  答案

  这是一个典型的必要题型,题目之所以觉得有难度,

  因为conclusion 在首而论证过程在后,而且还有概念的等价交换:to increasethe happiness of its citizens ==to augment the satisfaction of the citizenry

  Conclusion: The stable functioning of asociety depends upon the relatively long-term stability of the goals of itscitizens.

  it should be obvious that a society isstable only if its laws tend to increase the happiness of its citizens.

  A society is stable (a)  its laws tend toincrease the happiness of its citizens. (b)

  This is clear from the fact that unless themajority of individuals have a predictable and enduring set of aspirations, itwill be impossible for a legislature to craft laws that will augment thesatisfaction of the citizenry,

  To craft laws that will augment thesatisfaction of the citizenry (b) the majority of individuals have apredictable and enduring set of aspirations, (c)

  Therefore, A requires C. (the conclusion)

  看懂文章后,不难得到正确答案B.

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