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2016年四六级考试调整-长春新东方

2016-01-01 13:22

来源:新东方

作者:新东方

刚刚获得消息,四六级考试内容再一次进行了调整,调整主要针对听力部分。现针对发布的调整详情和附上的样题,给各位备考考生提供详细解析,并提出及时的备考建议,仅供参考。



一、四级听力试题的调整

取消短对话

解析:现有的听力题型中,小对话共有8题,念一遍。题号为1-8,现全部取消。

取消短文听写

解析:现有的听力题型中,短文听写为一个篇章。题号为26-35,填写内容为词或词组,该题型刚于201312月起施行,在此之前,此处考察填词及句子填写。本题型念三遍。现全部取消。

新增短篇新闻(3段)

解析:新增内容。新闻类题型在英语专业四八级及托福考试中常见。由此可见,四级听力难度稍有增加。但此趋势在2013年的考题中已经可以窥见一斑,曾罕见地出现过新闻听力内容,对此,我曾在四级强化课程中专门提醒。此内容仅念一遍。

调整后四级听力部分的试题结构见下表:

测试内容

测试题型

题量

分值比例

短篇新闻3

选择题(单选)

7

7%(每题1分)

长对话2

选择题(单选)

8

8%(每题1分)

听力篇章3

选择题(单选)

10

20%(每题2分)

解析:

此次改革,变动的部分相对2013年的调整,可以说是很大,如取消了小对话和篇章类听写,但是在变中也在求稳,如保留了长对话及听力篇章,很多地方也没有进行过大调整。具体分析如下:

首先,整体来看,所有听力题型全部变成了客观题,即完全没有任何需要考生书写的部分。全部都是选择题,之前的考生恐慌来不及填词及不会填词的烦恼全部烟消云散了。对考生来说,这是个好消息。其次,选项的构成仍然保持原有听力选择题的选项书写方式,其规律我们在强化课程中已经作为重点,几乎每节课都会涉及。最后,听力所有部分只念一遍,再没有念三遍的部分了。

题号1-7 短篇新闻*3

新闻类题型如前文所述,由于其生词多,句式结构稍显复杂,句子长,在四级听力中十分罕见,近年真题中仅2013出过。不过我们来看看样题给出的题及听力稿,其特征其实可以窥见一斑:

样题:Questions1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1. A) Christmas-timeattacks made by Somali rebels.
B) An explosion at a bus station incentral Nairobi.
C) The killing of more than 70 Ugandans in Kampala.
D) Blasts set off by a Somali group inUganda’s capital.

2. A) On Christmas Eve. C) During a security check.
B) Just before midnight. D) In the small hours of the morning.

听力稿:Q1 Kenyanpolice say one person was killed and 26 injured in an explosion at a busstation in central Nairobi. The blast hit a bus about to set off for theUgandan capital Kampala.Last July, the Somali group al-Shabab said it was behind the blasts in theUgandan capital which killed more than 70 people. Will Ross reports from theKenyan capital.
The explosion happened beside a buswhich was about to set off for an overnight journey from Nairobito the Ugandan capital Kampala.Some eyewitnesses report that a bag was about to be loaded on board, Q2 butit exploded during a security check. Windows of the red bus were leftsmashed, and blood could be seen on the ground beside the vehicle. Just hoursearlier,Uganda’spolice chief had warned of possible Christmas-time attacks by Somali rebels.

1. What isthe news report mainly about? B
2. When did the incident occur? C


我们再来看一篇:

样题:Questions3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

3. A) It islikely to close many of its stores.
B) It is known for the quality of its goods.
C) It remains competitive in the recession.
D) It will expand its online retail business.

4. A) Expandits business beyond groceries.
B) Fire 25,000 of its current employees.
C) Cut its DVD publishing business.
D) Sell the business for one pound.

听力稿:

Woolworths is one of the best known names onthe British High Street. It’s been in business nearly a century. Q1 /Q2 Many of its 800 stores are likelyto close following the company’s decision to call in administrators after anattempt to sell the business for a token £1 failed.
The company has huge debts.The immediate cause for the collapse has beenBritain’s slide toward recession,which has cut into consumer spending. However, the business had been in troublefor years.
Known for low-priced general goods,Woolworths has struggled in the face of competition from supermarkets expandingbeyond groceries and a new generation of internet retailers.
Many of the store group’s 25,000employees are likely to lose their jobs. Some profitable areas such as the DVDpublishing business will survive.

3. What dowe learn about Woolworths from the news report? A
4. What did Woolworths attempt to do recently? D

本部分一共三篇新闻,共7道题。因此可以猜测,题型布置采取223原则。新闻均出自于BBC。上述两篇新闻及其所对应的样题,通过对答案的分布观测,是可以窥探出一些端倪的。例如,上述两篇中,共有三道题出现在整篇新闻的开头部分,为何如此呢?不论是中文新闻,还是英文新闻,作为一种信息传播的手段,其文体类型实际有其固定的特征,抓住其特征,并采取相应的策略去攻克即可。此类题型甚至从某种程度上来说相对于现有的小对话题型,变得简单一些了。因此希望考生不要恐慌。



题号:8-15 长对话*2

本部分题型是对现有题型的保留,但在保留的基础上增加了一题,及一共两篇长对话,8道选择题。通过观察样题,可以发现,每篇长对话各四题,通过近年的经验大胆推测,此部分两篇长对话应该会稳定这种4-4(即第一篇4题,第二篇4题,下同)的出题方式,而不会出现3-5,或者2-6的状况。

难度上,通过观察两篇长对话,其出题难度及方式和现有长对话保持一致,没有出现偏题和怪题。如第一篇长对话,一位销售与某家公司进行沟通,出自20156月真题。此类话题在刚刚过去的201512月考试已经再次考过,所以完全不陌生,提醒考生,不要认为题型更改了,原有的真题就可以不做了,而是应该积极利用现有真题,进行能力训练。



题号16-25 篇章*3

篇章部分,样题仍然采用了201312月及20146月真题。难度与现有题型保持一致,题目数量与现有题型保持一致,共十题。但值得注意的是,篇章部分每道题的分值现在是长对话及新闻听力部分每道题的两倍,因此,对篇章部分选择的掌握应该愈加重视起来。但是上过课的同学都应该还记得,篇章部分实际在现有的听力题型中是比较简单的了。所以千万别慌张,利好也是可以有的。

由于四六级考试委员会并没有附加听力音频,因此无法得知具体语速是否会有调整。但是历次改革中,语速变化一般不大。随着各位参加四六级考试考生的基础越来越好,四六级考试的出题方向愈加趋向于实际运用,因此可以想象,四六级听力部分语音应该仍旧会维持英美式口音同时出现,语速稳重稍快的发展模式。





二、六级听力试题的调整

取消短对话

解析:同四级一样,现有的听力题型中,小对话共有8题,念一遍。题号为1-8,现全部取消。

取消短文听写

解析:同四级一样,现有的听力题型中,短文听写为一个篇章。题号为26-35,填写内容为词或词组,该题型刚于201312月起施行,在此之前,此处考察填词及句子填写。本题型念3遍。现全部取消。

听力篇章调整为2篇(原3篇)

解析:现有题型,删除一篇。念一遍

新增讲座/讲话(3篇)

解析:此内容模仿英语专业八级第一题。但此处为三篇讲座或讲话。新增题型。各位备考时可以参考原有篇章类问题中独白的内容。念一遍。

调整后六级听力部分的试题结构见下表:

测试内容

测试题型

题量

分值比例

长对话2

选择题(单选)

8

8%(每题1分)

听力篇章2

选择题(单选)

7

7%(每题1分)

讲座/讲话3

选择题(单选)

10

20%(每题2分)

解析:

题号:1-8 长对话*2

本题型为对现有题型的保留,现有题型的题号为9-15,共七题,改革后变为第一部分,共八题。通过观察样题,可以发现,每篇长对话各四题,通过近年的经验大胆推测,此部分两篇长对话应该会稳定这种4-4的出题方式,而不会出现3-5,或者2-6的状况。

样题中,第一篇来自201312月真题,第二篇为新闻采访类题型,内容难度稳中略升。各位考生仍然保持原有备考方式即可。

题号:9-15 篇章*2

样题中,篇章部分两篇文章均来自201312月真题。难度与现有题型保持一致,与四级不同的是,题目数量共七题,且分值不变。因此此部分的两篇文章六级的篇章部分和改革后的四级不同,题目数量分配肯定为3-44-3模式。

既然难度不变,题量变少,各位可以安心备考。

题号:16-25 讲座、讲话*3

此次六级听力改革的重头戏就在这里了。题型来源多样,如样题中的讲话第一篇来自于托福原题,长度约450词,第二篇来自于VOA,长度约390词等,但尽管来源多样,但万变不离其宗,新出的试题均属于试水阶段,是在结合现有考生的实际基础情况之下产生的。因此不必过度恐慌。我们来以其中一篇为例,窥视一二:

样题:

Now listento the following recording and answer questions 23 to 25.

23. A) Theguaranteed quality of its goods.
B) The huge volume of its annual sales.
C) The service it provides to its customers.
D) The high value-to-weight ratio of its goods.

24. A) Thosehaving a taste or smell component.
B) Products potentially embarrassing to buy.
C) Those that require very careful handling.
D) Services involving a personal element.

25. A) Thosewho live in the virtual world.
B) Those who have to work long hours.
C) Those who are used to online transactions.
D) Those who don’t mind paying a little more.

听力稿:

Now listento the following recording and answer questions 23 to 25.

I’d like to look at a vital aspect ofe-commerce, and that is the nature of the product or service. There are certainproducts and services that are very suitable for selling online, and othersthat simply don’t work.
Q23 Suitable products generally have a high value-to-weight ratio. Items such as CDsand DVDs are obvious examples. Books, although heavier and so more expensive topost, Q23 still have a high enough value-to-weight ratio,as the success of Amazon, which started off selling only books, shows. Laptopcomputers are another good product for selling online.
Digital products, such as software,films and music, can be sold in a purely virtual environment. The goods arepaid for by online transactions, and then downloaded onto the buyer’s computer.There are no postage or delivery costs, so prices can be kept low.
Many successful virtual companiesprovide digital services, such as financial transactions, in the case ofPaypal, or means of communication, as Skype does. The key to success here isproviding an easy-to-use, reliable service. Do this and you can easily becomethe market leader, as Skype has proved.
Products which are potentiallyembarrassing to buy also do well in the virtual environment. Some of the mostprofitable e-commerce companies are those selling sex-related products orservices. For a similar reason, online gambling is highly popular.
Q24 Products which are usuallyconsidered unsuitable for selling online include those that have a taste orsmell component. Food, especially fresh food, falls into thiscategory, along with perfume. Clothes and other items that need to be tried onsuch as diamond rings and gold necklaces are generally not suited to virtualretailing, and, of course, items with a low value-to-weight ratio.
There are exceptions, though. Onlinegrocery shopping has really taken off, with most major supermarkets offeringthe service. The inconvenience of not being able to see the food you are buyingis outweighed by the time saved and convenience of having the goods delivered. Q25Typical users of online supermarkets include the elderly, people who work long hours and those without their owntransport.

23 What isimportant to the success of an online store? D
24. What products are unsuitable for selling online? A
25. Who are more likely to buy groceries online? B

本质上,这种讲话类或者讲座类的内容,可以视作为篇章内容的一种,仍为大段的口头表达。因此句子长度不会如篇章部分,出现过长的文绉绉的内容。从文章长度上看,改革后的此类题型明显长于篇章类题型,但难度并没有加大。各位可以对比观察上述样题例证中答案出处及选项内容,不难发现,均为原词原句出现,此类特征在现有的六级考试中也有出现,因此并没有出现过度困难的情况。

各位六级考生在备考时,可以有的放矢选择托福听力及BBCVOA稍长内容做精听练习,当然,前提是搞定历年真题。

同时,由于四六级考试委员会并没有附加听力音频,因此无法得知具体语速是否会有调整。但是历次改革中,语速变化一般不大。随着各位参加四六级考试考生的基础越来越好,四六级考试的出题方向愈加趋向于实际运用,因此可以想象,四六级听力部分语音应该仍旧会维持英美式口音同时出现,语速稳重稍快的发展模式。



总的来看,此次四六级改革在2015年最后一次四六级考试刚刚结束之后即发布,给备考新版考试的同学留足了时间。不断的改革一直朝着实际运用,灵活多样的方向不断前进,可以预见,这样的变化将会不断增多,因此各位考生应该在夯实词汇的基础上,注重听力口语的提升,毕竟,作为一种工具,英语应该在学习之后发挥其作为交流工具的核心作用。提前祝各位新年快乐!

 


  考后关注:

  全国大学英语四六级真题解析

  2015年12月英语四六级考试说明及评分标准

  大学英语四六级考试奥秘:关于分数的计算方法

  2015大学英语四六级改革新题型算分器

  2015年12月大学英语四六级成绩查询入口

  2015年12月英语四六级考试多少分算过?

  2015大学英语四六级成绩复查方法和成绩证明补办

  2015年12月英语四六级成绩查询常见问题



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