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GMAT语法冒号的使用

2019-11-26 09:35

来源:新东方在线

作者:

  1. Semicolons分号 (;)

  1). Use a semicolon between two complete sentencesthat are very closely related.

  2). Use a semicolon before however and similar words (these words are called conjunctive adverbs) that show a relationship between two complete.sentences

  大家注意,一定是complete sentence, Complete sentence must have a subject and a verb.

  例句:I bet you though you wouldn’t have to learn another semicolon rule; however, you were wrong.

  3). Use a semicolon before clauses that are introduced by for example, that is, nor namely.

  例句:Olivia and Malory are excellent students; for example, they both made A’s on that really tough math test.

  4). Use semicolons between clauses or phases that contain a lot of commas.通常是一堆并列句子的时候应用此原则。因为太多的comma会让读者产生断句的困难。

  2. Colons 冒号(:)

  1). Use a colon when you want to say “here come an example” or “here’s what I’m talking about.”

  例句:This sentence is grammatically correct: I wonder if wolves actually wolf down their pizzas the way I wolf down mine. 读出来是那种“here’s what I’m talking about.”的感觉了吗?冒号后面的句子是进一步解释了前半句。

  2). Use a colon before some lists.

  3). Use a colon before subtitles of books, articles, chapters, etc.

  多么熟悉的面孔啊,很多article的title就是这样子的,例如,The title of the book is Michael Jordan: Basketball Superman.

  顺便复习下title的大小写问题:实义词的首字母一定要大写,介词(the, a ,and, etc.)就不需要了,全部小写。当然,有些journal 投稿的时候会要求title全部字母大写(print)。

  4). Use colons with expressions of time.

  5). Use a colon in the greeting part of a formal letter or business letter.

  6). Use a colon in literary references between volume and page or between chapter and verse.这个涉及到论文的reference部分的写作格式。找一篇APA格式的论文,翻到Reference部分就可以看到例子了。这个GMAT不太可能会考。

  7). Use a colon with ratios.最明显的例子是比赛得分,例如:3:1。

  8). Use colons to indicate dialogue when you’re writing a play or a script (and notice there are no quotation marks when you write dialogue this way). 写剧本的时候,人物对白写作方式。

  9). Use a colon before a long, formal quotation. 例如,Governor Smith stated to the press: “… …”

  10). Use a colon after words such as caution, wanted, or note.

  例句:

  Caution: slippery floor

  Wanted: part-time waitresses and waiters

  11). Capitalize the first word after a colon if it begins a complete sentence—and if you want to. Either way is okay; it's your choice.要是不能准确判断,就不要大写了,这样比较保险。

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